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SUBJ: HAZARDOUS MATERIALS QUESTIONS/ANSWERS (99-1)

1. THE FOLLOWING PROVIDES GUIDANCE TO AMC TRANSPORTATION FUNCTIONS.NON-AMC UNITS SHOULD CONTACT SERVICE/COMMAND FOCAL POINT LISTED IN AFJMAN 24-204 OR COMMAND DIRECTIVES FOR GUIDANCE.

2. QUESTIONS/ANSWERS:

A. QUESTION: "ENGINE STARTING FLUID" UN1960 IS NO LONGER AN AUTHORIZED PSN AND HAS BEEN REPLACED WITH "AEROSOLS, FLAMMABLE NOS" UN1950 IAW AFMC-LSO/LOP 131320Z FEB 98, SUBJ: UPDATE TO AFJMAN 24-204. WE HAVE ENGINE STARTING FLUID IN A DOT-39 CYLINDER. DO WE USE THIS PSN AND WHAT PACKAGING PARAGRAPH WOULD WE USE?

ANSWER: THE PSN CHANGE ONLY APPLIED TO AEROSOLS. WHEN A DOT SPECIFICATION CYLINDER IS USED, IT DOES NOT MEET THE DEFINITION OF AN AEROSOL. IT IS THE SHIPPER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO BEST DESCRIBE THE CARGO. THE PSN "COMPRESSED GAS, FLAMMABLE, NOS (XXXXXXXX )" UN1954 MAY BETTER IDENTIFY THE ITEM. YOU MUST ALSO PROVIDE A TECHNICAL NAME FOR THIS PSN. THE PACKAGING PARAGRAPH FROM AFJMAN 24-204 WOULD BE "A6.5.1".

B. QUESTION: WE HAVE A LARGE GENERATOR TO BE SHIPPED ON A 463L PALLET. THE DRAIN PLUG IS ABOUT 1 INCH FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE TANK. THEREFORE, AFTER DRAINING, FUEL REMAINS IN THE TANK. AFJMAN 24-204, PARAGRAPH A13.6.2 SEEMS TO CONTRADICT ITSELF BY SAYING THAT THE TANK MUST BE DRAINED TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT YET IT MUST CONTAIN ABSOLUTELY NO LIQUID. CAN YOU PROVIDE CLARIFICATION?

ANSWER: A13.6.2 STATES, "ENSURE NO FREE STANDING LIQUID IS REMAINING IN THE FUEL TANK, LINES, OR SYSTEMS". LARGE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT MAY HAVE COMPONENTS, SUCH AS FILTERS, WHICH MAY TRAP FUEL IN QUANTITIES GREATER THAN 17 OUNCES BUT WOULD NOT LEAK INFLIG HT. AFTER DRAINING, EQUIPMENT ENGINES MAY BE RUN UNTIL THE TANKS AND LINES ARE "DRY" OR THE REMAINING FUEL MAY BE SIPHONED. IF THE EQUIPMENT'S DESIGN DOES NOT PERMIT THE REMOVAL OF FREE STANDING FUEL, THEN A WAIVER MUST BE OBTAINED FROM ONE OF THE SERVICE FOCAL POINTS (SEE PARAGRAPH 1.2.2) PRIOR TO OFFERING FOR AIRLIFT.

C. QUESTION: WE RECEIVED A PALLET (WAREHOUSE SKID) OF EXPLOSIVES WITHOUT VISIBLE POP MARKINGS. THE SHIPPER WAS CONTACTED AND INDICATED THE SHIPPING CONTAINERS WERE UN SPECIFICATION PACKAGING. IS IT THE AERIAL PORTS RESPONSIBILITY TO CHECK FOR POP MARKINGS?

ANSWER: YES. ON SINGLE PACKAGES, POP MARKINGS MUST BE ON THE SIDE OF THE CONTAINER. WHEN PALLETIZED ON A WAREHOUSE-TYPE SKID AT LEAST ONE CONTAINER MUST BE POSITIONED SO THE MARKINGS ARE FACING OUTWARD. IF THE POP MARKINGS ARE NOT VISIBLE AND THE EXPLOSIVE'S PACKAGING IS NOT COVERED BY THE "GRANDFATHER" CLAUSE IAW AFJMAN 24-204, PARAGRAPH 1.7.2, THEN THE SHIPMENT SHOULD BE FRUSTRATED FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION BY THE SHIPPER. SEE NEXT QUESTION.

D. QUESTION: WHEN HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ARE PALLETIZED ON A 463L PALLET MUST THE POP MARKINGS BE VISIBLE?

ANSWER: NO. ONCE VERIFIED BY THE AERIAL PORT OR DEPLOYED TRANSPORTATION INSPECTOR, THE SHIPPING CONTAINERS MAY BE ARRANGED WITHOUT THE POP MARKINGS FACING OUTWARD.

E. QUESTION: WHAT IS THE CORRECT NET EXPLOSIVES WEIGHT (NEW) ENTRY IN KEY 16 OF THE SHIPPER'S DECLARATION?

ANSWER: THE CORRECT NEW ENTRY IS THE TOTAL QUANTITY OF EXPLOSIVE MATERIAL CONTAINED WITHIN THE ITEM. FOR EXAMPLE: AN AGM-45A MISSILE (NSN 1410-00-557-4475 PA08) CONTAINS APPROXIMATELY 25.7 KGS OF C/D 1.1 HIGH EXPLOSIVES AND 41.7 C/D 1.3 PROPELLANT. THE ENTRY IN KEY 16 WOULD BE "67.4 KGS NEW". THIS WEIGHT IS SHOWN IN THE JOINT HAZARD CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (JHCS), AS "NET EXPLOSIVE WEIGHT: (TRANSPORTATION QUANTITY)". A "NET EXPLOSIVE QD WEIGHT: (STORAGE QUANTITY)" IS ALSO GIVEN IN THE JHCS. WHEN DIFFERENT FROM THE TRANSPORTATION NEW, THE QD WEIGHT SHOULD BE ADDED IN KEY 19 BY THE AERIAL PORT BEFORE ONWARD MOVEMENT. SINCE THIS IS THE NEW USED TO DETERMINE STORAGE AND EXPLOSIVE AIRCRAFT PARKING, IT MUST ALSO BE PROVIDED WHEN OBTAINING EXPLOSIVES CLEARANCES.

F. QUESTION: DURING A UNIT DEPLOYMENT, WHAT IS THE CORRECT PACKAGING PARAGRAPH FOR LITHIUM BATTERY POWERED EQUIPMENT? SHIPPER'S HAVE BEEN USING "3.8.1".

ANSWER: EQUIPMENT WITH INSTALLED LITHIUM BATTERIES MAY BE HAND-CARRIED DURING UNIT TACTICAL/CONTINGENCY DEPLOYMENT WITHOUT COMPLETION OF A SHIPPER'S DECLARATION, AS WELL AS, SPARE BATTERIES, PROVIDED THE AIRCREW IS BRIEFED. THEREFORE, "3.8.1" A POLICY PROCEDURE AND WOULD NEVER BE USED AS A PACKAGING PARAGRAPH. SHOULD LITHIUM BATTERIES BE INSTALLED IN EQUIPMENT SHIPPED AS CARGO, THE CORRECT PSN WOULD BE "LITHIUM BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT" UN3091 AND CERTIFIED USING PARAGRAPH A13.8.3.

G. QUESTION: CAN A "TECHNICAL SPECIALIST" CERTIFY HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FOR COMMERCIAL AIR SHIPMENT?

ANSWER: "TECHNICAL SPECIALIST" ARE TRAINED TO CERTIFY AND PACKAGE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS COMMONLY USED IN THEIR ASSOCIATED SPECIALITY IAW AFJMAN 24-204. THEIR AUTHORITY IS LIMITED TO DOD-CONTROLLED AIRLIFT (MILITARY OR CONTRACT) AND SURFACE ORGANIC DEPLOYMENT. TO CERTIFY HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FOR A COMMERCIAL MODE, AIR AND SURFACE, DOD PERSONNEL MUST HAVE COMPLETED TRAINING PROVIDED BY ONE OF THE SERVICE SCHOOLS LISTED IN DOD 4500.9R, DEFENSE TRANSPORTATION REGULATION, PART II (CARGO), CHAPTER 204.

3. MESSAGES WHICH SHOULD BE A PART OF THE AMC HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION FILE (HMIF):

A. HMIF 97-1: HAZARDOUS MATERIALS (HAZMAT) INSPECTION

B. HMIF 97-2: AIRLIFT OF BOATS

C. HMIF 97-3: INSPECTION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL AND ETIOLOGIC AGENTS

D. HMIF 98-1: SUPPORT EQUIPMENT IDENTIFIED AS LEAKERS

4. POC IS MR. DEL HAMILTON, HQ AMC/DONCO, DSN 576-3967. QUESTIONS MAY ALSO BE SENT BY FAX (DSN: 576-3854, COMM: 618-256-3854) OR EMAIL:DELBERT.HAMILTON@SCOTT.AF.MIL (ALL LOWER CASE). Q/A MESSAGES MAY BE ACCESSED BY THE INTERNET: HTTP://AMC.SCOTT.AF.MIL/DO/HAZMAT. HTM (ALL LOWER CASE). PLEASE NOTE CHANGE TO INTERNET ADDRESS. THIS MESSAGE HAS BEEN COORDINATED WITH AFMC-LSO/LOP.